The intellectual property divisions of the Tokyo and Osaka District Courts will introduce a new mediation system for disputes relating to intellectual property rights (“IP Mediation”) on October 1, 2019. Existing IP dispute-specialized alternative dispute resolution systems (“ADRs”) in Japan are operated by private organizations rather than the courts. The new IP Mediation system will be operated by IP division judges from the Tokyo and Osaka District Courts and certain other IP experts and will provide a new option for resolving IP-related disputes.